Mohammad Abdus Salam(Urdu: محمد عبد السلام) (January 29, 1926 – November 21, 1996)was a Pakistani theoretical physicist and Nobel laureate inPhysics for his work on theunification of theelectromagnetic and weak forces. Salam, Sheldon Glashowand Steven Weinberg shared the 1979 Nobel prize for this discovery. Salam holds the distinction of being the firstPakistani and the first MuslimNobel Laureate to receive the prize in the sciences.
Salam was a science advisor to the Government of Pakistan from 1960 till 1974, a position from which he played a major and influential role in Pakistan's science infrastructure. Salam was responsible for not only major development and contribution in theoretical and particle physics, but as well as promoting scientific research at maximum level in his country.Salam was the founding director of Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission(SUPARCO), and responsible for the establishment of theTheoretical Physics Group(TPG) in Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC).As Science Advisor, Salam played an integral role in Pakistan's development onpeaceful use of nuclear energy, and directed the research ondevelopment of weapons in 1972. In 1974, Salam left Pakistan in protest whenPakistan Parliamentcontroversially passed a parliamentary bill declaringAhmadiyya Muslim Communityas Non-Muslims. Even after his death, Salam remained one of the most influential scientists in his country. In 1998, following the country's nuclear tests, theGovernment of Pakistan issued a commemorative stamp, as a part of "Scientists of Pakistan", to honour the services of Salam.
Salam's major and notable achievements include Pati-Salam model, Magnetic photon,Vector meson, Grand Unified Theory, work on the quarks and the global symmetry, and most importantly Electroweak theory, for which he was awarded the most prestigious award in Physics — the Nobel Prize. Salam made a major contribution in Quantum Field Theory and advancement of Mathematics at the Imperial College. With his student, Riazuddin, Salam made important contributions to the modern theory on neutrinos, neutron stars and black holes, as well as the work on modernizing the quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. As a teacher and science promoter, Salam is remembered as a founder and scientific father of mathematical and theoretical physics in Pakistan while his stay as Science advisor. Salam heavily contributed to the rise of Pakistani physics to the Physics community in the world. Even until his death, Salam continued to contribute in physics and tirelessly advocated for the development of science in third world countries.
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