Amalie Emmy Noether, (23 March 1882 – 14 April 1935) was an influential German mathematician known for her groundbreaking contributions to abstract algebra and theoretical physics. Described by David Hilbert, Albert Einstein and others as the most important woman in the history of mathematics, she revolutionized the theories of rings, fields, and algebras. In physics, Noether's theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws.
Hopefully in time, that will change, but for it to do so, people will have to be educated about Symmetry and Conservation Laws. We shall see.
The Wikipedia article re Emmy Noether is so long that I'll spare you all by linking to it: here.